Key Elements of Successful Strategic Management

Key Elements of Successful Strategic Management

Strategic management is the process of defining an organization's strategy or direction and making decisions on allocating its resources to pursue this strategy. It may also extend to control mechanisms for guiding the implementation of the strategy.

Chapter 1: Defining Your Vision and Mission

The first step in strategic management is to define your organization's vision and mission. Your vision is a long-term view of what your organization wants to achieve, while your mission is a short statement of your organization's purpose.


Your vision should be inspiring and challenging, yet realistic and attainable. It should also be broad enough to allow for growth and innovation. For example, Google's vision is to "organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful."


Your mission should be a clear and concise statement of your organization's purpose. It should answer the question "why does our organization exist?" For example, Tesla's mission is to "accelerate the world's transition to sustainable energy."

Chapter 2: Conducting a SWOT Analysis

Once you have defined your vision and mission, the next step is to conduct a SWOT analysis. SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. This analysis will help you understand your organization's internal strengths and weaknesses, as well as external opportunities and threats.


Strengths are the characteristics of your organization that give you an advantage over others. They may include things like a strong brand, a loyal customer base, or a unique product or service.


Weaknesses are the characteristics of your organization that put you at a disadvantage. They may include things like a lack of resources, a weak brand, or a limited product or service offering.


Opportunities are external factors that may present an opportunity for your organization. They may include things like market trends, technological advances, or changes in regulations.


Threats are external factors that may pose a threat to your organization. They may include things like competition, economic downturns, or changes in consumer behavior.

Chapter 3: Setting Objectives and Goals

Once you have conducted a SWOT analysis, the next step is to set objectives and goals. Objectives are broad, general statements of what you want to achieve, while goals are specific, measurable targets that will help you achieve your objectives.


Objectives should be consistent with your vision and mission, and they should be challenging yet achievable. They should also be specific, measurable, and time-bound.


Goals should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART). They should also be aligned with your objectives and support the achievement of your vision and mission.

Chapter 4: Developing Strategies and Plans

Once you have set your objectives and goals, the next step is to develop strategies and plans to achieve them. Strategies are the means by which you will achieve your objectives, while plans are the specific actions you will take to implement your strategies.


Strategies should be based on your SWOT analysis and should take into account your organization's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. They should also be flexible and adaptable to changing circumstances.


Plans should be specific, detailed, and actionable. They should include timelines, responsibilities, and resources. They should also be monitored and adjusted as needed.

Chapter 5: Implementing and Controlling

The final step in strategic management is to implement and control your strategies and plans. This involves allocating resources, monitoring progress, and making adjustments as needed.


Implementation involves putting your strategies and plans into action. This may involve hiring staff, purchasing equipment, or launching marketing campaigns.


Control involves monitoring progress and making adjustments as needed. This may involve tracking key performance indicators (KPIs), conducting regular reviews, and making changes to strategies and plans as necessary.


Successful strategic management involves defining your vision and mission, conducting a SWOT analysis, setting objectives and goals, developing strategies and plans, and implementing and controlling your strategies and plans. By following these key elements, you can ensure that your organization is on the path to success.

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